Volume 1094, Issue 1 p. 151-163

Prevention Approaches to Enhance Resilience among High-Risk Youth

Comments on the Papers of Dishion & Connell and Greenberg

KAROL L. KUMPFER

KAROL L. KUMPFER

Department of Health Promotion and Education, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA

Search for more papers by this author
JULIA FRANKLIN SUMMERHAYS

JULIA FRANKLIN SUMMERHAYS

Department of Health Promotion and Education, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA

Search for more papers by this author
First published: 16 February 2007
Citations: 39
Address for correspondence: Dr. Karol Kumpfer, Department of Health Promotion and Education, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112. Voice: 801-581-7718; fax: 801-581-5872.
 e-mail: [email protected]

Abstract

Abstract: This article synthesizes research on resilience theory and its implications for prevention interventions to increase resilience in high-risk children and adolescents. In addition, this response to both the articles by Drs. Greenberg and Dishion summarizes their key points. Their papers discuss the neuroscience substrate behind two major mediators of antisocial behaviors, namely lack of self-regulation and executive function problems. In addition, we present an overall Resilience Framework that will help the reader organize the aspects of resilience discussed by these two researchers into a transactional process model. This article extends prior researchers' suggestion that resilience is the product of the interaction of genetic, biological, and environmental precursors to a further consideration of higher-level cognitive precursors, such as purpose in life and existential meaning. The relevance of resilience to the prevention of negative outcomes in high-risk children of alcoholics (COAs) and substance abusers is covered. Within this third wave of resilience research on prevention interventions, we present data suggesting that family strengthening approaches have the greatest impact on increasing resilience.